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This is an old revision of ReadingHypertextNotesDRS made by DestinySherman on 2018-04-18 18:43:21.

 

Reading Hypertext Notes


Hypertext Gardens

making use of clickable links
- send us through text
- avoid drowning readers in large passages of text
- reads like a choose-your-path story
- uses the hypertext to provide info to hook those interested

map
- inclusion of how the site was made, right at the bottom of the intro page: Building the Gardens
- whether the map is useful or not, depends
- shows interconnectivity of the text

sticking with it
- requires some breaks to get through it all
- curious metaphor of a garden, works like one, winding paths
- can find new places, lots of hypertext
- a bit distracting when the hypertext takes you offsite, Chasing Our Tails
- creates an element of anxiety, trying to find everything, afraid of missing things
- sense of disorientation, infinitude
- unsure of true size of text that reader is getting into, can't see how much is coming compared to looking through a physical book, can't really look ahead

Chasing Our Tails
- stark white screen
- business feel to the site
- very different feel compared to the Gardens
- did it need to be linked so close to the start?

navigation
- better feel in Gardens than elsewhere
- end page allows you to find what you missed
- hypertext is a space that you can move through freely, unlike paging through a book
- images of nature vs. urbanization, adds to the feel

metaphors
- garden
- winding paths, don't know what's ahead exactly
- books are made of pages, leaves
- surfing versus browsing
- park = wandering through, can leave at any time
- searching in an open space, no defined borders

Gardens as a tool
- can stop at any time
- consumer attitude

various reading strategies
- can be free as you please, click through links quickly and then go back to read through it all
- orienting to the material
- paratext = what the text is going to be or do; blurb, images, intro and end, text on front and back covers
- value in meaning making, not just making a meaning

detours
- scenic versus construction
- creates illusion of "cutting across"
- getting around walls
- hidden text in places
- creator prompts and guides

placement compared to other text
- kind of confronting Krug
- Krug says to confine text, follow conventions, linearity, permanent navigation, judgment by its cover
- can walk away from Gardens at any point, finding what you don't expect rather than what you were looking for
- navigation is not straight forward but not confusing to the point of making it unusable
- site title takes you to rules and then to conclusion, where reader can find table of contents
- Krug views navigation as mindless and simple, not much to think about

Reading on the Screen

scrolling
- lots of compact boxes, compartmentalization
- site looks very business-like, blue and white
- one section of a much bigger piece

intro
- comparison of scroll versus book versus text
- rather historical in nature

three modes of reading
- Heyer, 1986
- grazing mode = continuous reading
- browser mode = reading on the screen
- hunting mode = search engine, interactivity

legibility
- font advancement, operating systems

from Computer Lib / Dream Machines

- skim this, do not read fully, use Search for hypertext mentions

thinkertoys
- tinkertoys were the first Legos, not complex, easy to put together
- thinkertoys are more complex, prompting you to think, arrive at different result
- not a puzzle to solve, something to create as you go
- simple in and of itself, lead to more complex through by using it
- bootstrapping
- helps thinking more complex, reorientation
- "books are machine to think with", Richard, like a thinkertoy
- dynamic, can change based on where you are, changes display based on what you've done and what you're doing

Krug
- would see it as not helpful
- too much thinking involved
- task-oriented, difference between Krug and Nelson objectives
- thinkertoy must be well-designed to get the job done

thinkertoy versus tinkertoy
- tinkertoy = Legos
- a bunch of pieces in a box, originally
- presently, get pieces to create the designated set on the box
- rigid and costly notion
- not just a financial cost, choking hazard
- parts themselves guide in putting them together but don't constrict, can do other things with the pieces

design
- not a puzzle to solve...but users may want to try solving anyways
- design of Xanadu
- imbedded pages within the page, page 330, Ted Nelson's original print, murder to read
- hand-drawn diagrams, pasted and self-published, part of the romanticism of Ted Nelson
- 1974, coming under the wire of publishers, out of print now, valuable

Fantics
- Ted Nelson created the word himself, non-word
- pushing back against the establish computer community, computers were for specialists
- Xanadu, computers are for everyone, kiosks for public use
- everyone is going to own and use a computer
- screen apocalypse
- responsiveness, mouse, light pens, screens
- "understanding must be at a fantic level", info in question must be at a conceptual level before it can be used and understood by others
- informatics

internet
- no public internet back then, schools and military only
- time-sharing access to those computers, teletyping
- considered "online"
- no CRTs
- computer and internet are not one in the same, modern viewpoint, little local processing
- internet versus computer argument, would it change now?



Hyperlink
- easier to define what it is and what it does, not what it means
- need to understand nature, use, and social effects
- meaningful, malleable, powerful
- reflect deep social and cultural structures, collective unconscious

Blog Architecture

intro blurb
- large, unstructured document
- web is limited
- structure and web rendering have immediate attention
- challenging ideas on presentation and an advanced idea on structure

blog aspirations
- first function is to serve as a simple blog
- main function is to describe ambitious research and demonstrate elements of it
- three research areas (Film, User Interface, Narrative History) will be of interest to different communities, separated in blog outline
- will include some collaborative projects
- plans no blog area to report progress
- navigating by structure, experimentation, lists created by notes, options, Tool Area

about links
- uses Tinderbox as a platform, uses spatial hypertext and supports typed links
- spatial hypertext = links are physically created by dragging and dropping, even across windows and views
- one view of hypertext views links as multiple pathways through a collection of specially designed narrative fragments, like Gardens, user-defined "and then" link
- documents will include navigation links (ordinary web links), parenthetical links (stretchtext), and ontological links (link to formal definitions)
- documents may also include situational links (can "zoom out" to understand context) and reactive links (propagate change)

preliminary setup: feeds
- requires making as many macroarchitectural decisions as possible early on
- writer uses Tiderbox and a 17" MacBook Pro to create two documents, a business one and the one the user is now reading
- writer also has a Prismo and an iPhone
- iPhone is connected through Simplenote, Dropbox, and Email
- Pismo is connected through Dropbox using BBedit, Dropbox using a "scratchpad" Tinderbox file, and Email
- Pismo is rugged, 12 year old Powerbook, kept in the car, used when opportunistic
- experimenting with another Pismo currently too

Tinderbox strengths
- 4 types of documents: blog with blog sections, lightly-structured documents, heavily-structured documents, and a modeling tool
- starting with a blog is challenging, want it up quickly but to still introduce their unique tools and radial capabilities over time
- two things make Tinderbox extraordinary, how it handles spatial hypertext and typed links
- considered a platform for hypertext researchers
- typed links have lots of capability compared to standard blog tags, implanted with transformative functions associated
- assign tags by dragging, each tag is a "note" linked to other tags by ontological relationships
- link structure is a directed graph, linguistic tools can be applied

site structure
- conscious of how notes fit into the outline
- top level is the whole site
- next level has four areas, the blog and three structured documents, each has subsections, think of these as main chapters or parts
- each section has notes, has internal outline structure as well, subnotes are collapsed bold titles, images are a sort of subnote
- heavy use of parentheticals, diagonal depth, considered horizontal structure, will also contain bibliographical references

sidemark
- writer created their own markup language, called it Sidemark due to many horizontal indicators
-

about Tinderbox functions
-

one development environment
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