In philosophy determinism is the theory that all events, including human actions and choices are determined by previously existing events or states. If this theory is assumed to be correct then what we believe to be the causes cannot be true cause, but rather the effects of previous causes.

Social Determinism - is the theory that social interactions and constructs alone determine individual behavior. Social determinist believe in the nurture-focused theory that it is the culture in which we are raised that determines who we are. Factors such as education, upbringing, and social customs decides how a human will behave rather than factors such as their genetic makeup. Technology is created to fulfill a part of society's need. Supporters argue that it is the human race which shapes technology, not vise versa.

As opposed to Technological Determinism, the notion that the ways society uses technology determined by the characteristics of the given technology. Technological determinism is dependent upon the belief that social changes come about as a result of the new capabilities that new technologies enable. Supporters believe that technology is the force which shapes society. On the other hand, social determinism is dependent on the belief that the uses of technology is a result of the society in which it is developed.

A downfall of social determinism is that it is often applied selectively. When used selectively social determinism presents that's some groups responsibility for their behavior but not others. For instance, "selective social determinism" would say someone who grew up in a bad neighborhood is a product of their environment if they end up going to prison but members of the middle class that participate in consumerism are responsible for their own actions.


Social determinism is most commonly opposed by biological determinism.

-HalieWestphal
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