REMEMBER : Use a shorthand using
• Page name
• Link text
• Name of the page at end of link: target page
• Next choice you make
• Using > to mean leads to ...

Hypertext Garden Map

-clicked begin

Hypertext Gardens: Delightful Vistas

Clicked on Mark Bernstein

Clicked on "Into the Garden"

-Intro: Attention of audience is a writer's most precious possession and value of aud. att. is seldom more clear than in web writing. > "How can the craft of hypertext invite readers to stay, to explore, and to reflect?"
>A New Path
>Chasing Our Tales
  • lead to "Chasing our Tails" by Mark Bernstein
  • >Pernicious Development-
    • Colophon
    • >this hypertext uses StorySpace (TARGET PAGE)
      • Examines profound and disturbing failures in hypertext scholarship and criticism
      • points out some directions that critics and scholars might profitably flow
      • Many hypertexts here are published rather than web-borne
      >This hypertext- brings back to "Chasing our tails" homescreen
      >Many Others- leads to Hypertext Bibliography
    Elegies - The Gutenberg Elegies: The Fate of Reading in an Electronic Age
    • might have (WHY DOES IT SAY MIGHT HAVE?) been a fine study of hypertext, its achievements and shortcomings. Birkerts is a talented critic and lyrical writer whose love of books pervades the slender volume
    • Birkerts >love of books
      • The Craft- well made book is a work of craft and a joy to hold
      >our past sometimes whispers... to us
      • Voices Past- the street where we grew up. coffee shop where we met first lover etc.
      • We know it's the memories that make them special and not their own merits (THIS IS COOL)
      • >Power and Wonder are not its (memory of the objects) own
        • Ills- some speak of today's book as perfect form (this is false) They are thinking of:
        • >The best book of their youth
          • Youth- their parents thought the same. So did Augustus Caesar who deplored the tawdry sensationalism of >contemporary writing
            • Res Agenda- books are spendy. The power of books is not to be reserved for the enjoyment of those born to wealth and power
            • >The books we love are deeply flawed.
              • If a tree falls- books are too heavy. Ex: suitcase full of books
              • >If the love of books.... is not to be reserved for the enjoyment of those who do not love trees, the books we love are deeply flawed.
                Bathtubs and Libraries- books are too fragile
                >Reading in the bath
                • The Bolter Test
                • As if it mattered
OPINION: I feel like I have been delving into this garden for a long time now. I also believe that the way I'm taking notes right now might not be working for me because these links just keep going and going and going. I never expected there would be so many links in this StorySpace. I thought it was really cool at first with just a little bit of text on each page but now I'm wishing there was more text and less links. I think I'm going to stop the indenting for each new link because it's making me run out of room for notes.

>Books- bones and dust. Books matter because ideas matter
>Paper and Glue- The details for presentation. The lasting value of hypertexts written today lies not in their presentation but in their writing: in the way their >authors craft texts that never before could have existed.
  • A well-made book is a work of craft and a joy to hold. Those who love books may bring emotional attachments to their physical forms - it's not the forms themselves that matter but through these forms >our past sometimes whispers to us
>Power and wonder that are not its own- Ills- >Best books of their youth
>Animated for a time-
  • The Craft >Our past sometimes whispers to us
>Things- Thinking Again - Little recent writing about hypertext is based on careful observations of actual hypertext
  • Critics ventilate their fears and their ambitions. They fear the young, the gov., etc.
  • They fear error and so >repeat the errors of the past
>circles- we now possess a large and growing body of superb hypertext writing. We can examine the best of this writing, taking it apart to see
1. >how it works and how it might be done
  • Cycles- we can expect to learn only by reading and studying hypertexts. The centrality of cirlces - cyclical link structures- to contemporary hypertext structures
>Cycles in hypertext create and explain structure
  • Structure >Rhythms of Recurrence
  • Close study can reveal a world beyond our predudices and expectations; projecting
2. >our preconceptions and fear cannot
  • Elegies (has already been addressed above)
>Love of books
>neglected to read
OPINION: This Time I rearranged the notes differently. I didn't indent for each new link. It was a lot easier to do and I did not run out of room on the page. However, it seems to be a little more confusing which links were connected to each other. I have been having a harder time comprehending all of the information with so many links to click on. I am very thankful that I made a map to follow because I would be SO lost right now. I noticed that many of the links were interconnected and links on different point would end up leading to the same pages with the same links. Maybe this means that a lot of the ideas were interconnected?

Also, I thought it was comical that the original link I clicked on was called "chasing out tails' because that's exactly what I felt like I was doing while fleshing out these notes.

>Beyond the Navigational Problem

-Beyond the Navigation Problem - years ago, hypertext writers and researchers were concerned that hypertexts would enmesh readers in a confusing tangle of links (THAT'S KIND OF WHAT I FEE LIKE THO) -

>The Limits of Structure

the structural rigidity that makes nav. simple and ubiquitous and looks efficient can make that hypertext seem sterile, inert, and distant.

>Gardens and Paths

>Interesting Things Await Us- Rigid Design
>anything more
  • Gardens- (Target Page) - Garden is farmland that delights the senses, designed for delight rather than commodity. Park is wilderness, tamed for our enjoyment. Hypertext aims neither for the wilderness of unplanned content nor for the straight rows of formal organization - gardens and parks can inspire new approach to hypertext design and can help us understand the patterns we observe in fine hypertext writing

>The Virtue of Irregularity

-avoid irregularity, but in hypertext, it's the artful combo of regularity that awakens interest and maintains attention
>exactly as expected- Shapes of Space- crafter irregularity engages our senses with colors, design etc.
>promise of the unexpected
  • Unexpected Delight- (Target Page)
    • the key is to communicate the promise of unexpected delight while assuring the reader that she is not entering an unplanned wilderness. WHY DOES IT ALWAYS REFER TO THE READER AS SHE?????
    • rigid design might provide identical thumb tabs on each page leading to the hypertext's entrances- more fluid design.

>Gates and Signposts

-need to make sure that the reader knows it's not a wilderness - comfort and safety
-embedded and irregular links suggest the wilderness, where thumb tabs, lists, and menus all suggest the order of planning
>Order, Too- suggested by links that explain themselves (through annotations, pop-ups, mouseover messages, or balloon titles
  • Repetition- a valuable cue. Signals intent and artifice. Doesn't need to be complete and literal or reader may gain
  • >The effect of repetition
    • by repeating some elements and varying other
    • Establishing Order - formal gardens are unmistakable - but parks especically wild parks - may require architectural elements to announce their artifice and frame reader's first impression. Hypertext can use formal frames and gateways to food effect.

>Statuary and Follies: Punctuating the Reader Experience

>Planning Pathways

-highways are judged by efficiency. Garden paths play a different role; they lead us through:
>the best routes, not the shortest
  • hypertext paths can lead readers while also enhancing their journey. A simple search can link readers directly to dest. .
  • carefully planned path for the visitor
  • path shouldn't twise so much that visitors think they are being led astray, and not so slow that they give up and try search engines
  • However, twists and detours can help designers give their readers:
  • >more than they expect- Curves and Crossings
    • curves, interrupted views, intersections and incidental detail make small spaces seem larger.
    • Too many interesting paths can confuse the visitor
    • >Explore more deeply
      • 7 lessons from gardening

>Seven Lessons from Gardening

1. Hypertext Disorientation most often arises from muddled writing. Or complexity of subject. Hypertext doesn't require elaborate nav. apparatus.

2. Rigid hypertext structure is costly. By repeatedly asking readers to leave it can hide the message and distort its voice.

3. The shortest path is not always the best.

4. Gardens are farmland that delights the senses. Parks are wilderness, tamed for our enjoyment. Large hypertexts and Web sites must contain both.

5. Visual effects and other irregularities enhance pathways. Use punct. sparingly. Unwanted interruptions are tiresome and intrusive

6. Boundaries of parks should be clear. (Otherwise readers will see them as wilderness) Gateways provide structure and guideposts confirm it. This assures readers that they're among a crafter experience and not a chaotic wilderness.

7. Rigid structure makes a large hypertext seem smaller. Complex/ intricate structure makes a small hypertext seem larger, inviting deeper and more thoughtful exploration.

>In Conclusion
Gardens End-
  • At times the wilderness is what the readers want- rich collection or resources and links
  • Other times the reader wants things to be more rigid.
  • Good to meet in the middle.

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