Notes on Hypotaxis and Parataxis

HYPOTAXIS AND PARATAXIS, from Sean Sturm

parataxis


> Parataxis represents equal relationships between words, phrases or clauses grammatically. The most common kind is juxtaposition … or the use of simple sentences with or without coordinating conjunctions.

> All the words, phrases or clauses carry the same weight: the relationship between them is supplied by the reader based on context or, more commonly, on the sequence in which they appear

> Paratactic style adds or accumulates — It gives the effect of experience in process — of piling up, swiftness, and sometimes compression.

hypotaxis

> Hypotaxis represents unequal relationships between words, phrases or clauses grammatically. The most common kind is subordination … or the use of complex or compound-complex sentences.

> e.g., George overslept because his alarm clock was broken.

> Thus, hypotaxis signals the causal, logical, spatial or temporal relationship between words, clauses or sentences.

> Hypotactic style un- or enfolds — and is characteristic of élite or literary speech. It gives the effect of experience reworked — or in the process of being so.

Climactic ordering of hypotactic units -
> And though I have the gift of prophecy, and understand all mysteries, and all knowledge; and though I have all faith, so that I could remove mountains, and have not charity, I am nothing. (I Corinthians 13)

para- and hypotactic arrangements also apply to paragraphs and other chunks of text, to images, to use of figures - as well as navigational elements in websites.


Whitney

images -

Paratactic - and then and then and then - within and between paras. Very much as first-draft idea dump. Notice the sameness of length of paras? Means no emphasis.

Notice that you can re-arrange them w/o a slip in continuity? That suggests that development is that of a list.

> Links have been described as elemental structures, metaphors, and makers of the web. Overall, links disrupt the flow of the content we are trying to read — urging us to leave the site we are on and follow our curiosity into abandonment. Links, however, are not meant to distract. Yet we find ourselves confused and lost in links quite often. 

> The biggest time-wasters in the online web are links — but specifically embedded links. They lead us away from what we are initially reading and sometimes carry us even further from what our actual destination may be. Embedded links utilize natural human curiosity and transform it into a time-wasting enterprise. It’s a ploy to keep us on the internet — clicking, distracted, and out of touch from the real world. 

A change to re-open consideration. Use the closing sentence to open further consideration -

> It’s a ploy to keep us on the internet — clicking, distracted, and out of touch from the real world. 
- start with that for a few paras

And this

> When links are written and constructed correctly, they have the potential to be of some use. However, there is no correct way to write a link — making it pointless to try in the first place.

This is an interesting set up for the idea that If it can't be correct, it isn't work it.

Emily


Dict def -\> to thesis
images -
heads -

Paratactic chain rather than hypotactic

Sequence -
Can these be re-organized into climactic order, or hypotactically, with subordination, cause- effect, time ...


Note the sequence of time connected to innovation. Conventional trope of Progress - and introducing the reader as knowledge seeker.

> The term “Hyperlink” was coined in 1965 by Ted Nelson, who was first to create a trail that allows scrolling back and forth between pages. This linear formation was a huge technological advancement for the time, but still had enormous limitations as far as information connection goes and was not available to the general public at this point. Within a year, more innovators were expanding the possibilities of links, implementing a hyperlink concept that allowed scrolling within the same page, and soon after links connecting completely different documents. Over the years hyperlinks continued to progress and gained the ability to incorporate mixed graphics, text and hyperlinks, similar to their abilities today. emphasis hidden \> Unfortunately, their improvements over the years have led to their constant gross over use and deceptive misuse, disappointing knowledge seekers everywhere by forcing them to wade through garbage to find what they truly seek.
followed by -

Ted Nelson would be Embarrassed
> What was once a praised method of knowledge expansion formed by the connection of scientific research papers and case studies, has lost it’s prestige and digressed from the powerful position it once held. Today the majority of links \>you\< may come across fail to provide beneficial additions to content, instead expanding

Some drift in some paras off the topic: that’s a sign that it’s still a draft.

a paratactic paragraph
> Content writers and readers alike have attributed to the current inadequate state of links. Lazy writers can use links as a shortcut that saves them time by simply relying on the works of others to help their readers understand their content. \> a shift here from a consideration of writers being lazy to a list of solutions - listing solutions won't work if the writers are lazy \< Instead of half-assing their work, writers should provide quality content that does not require additional resources to be understood. Writers that rely on the work of others \> marker of parataxis\> may also \< run into legal problems when leaching off of other’s content. Some pages flat out refuse permission to be connected to, not wanting the initial link-embedded content to necessarily represent their stance on issues. Legal concern can \>also\< be raised if the linked content is deemed illicit, and may cause the content linker to receive repercussions equally as harsh as the illegal content may receive, regardless of their limited involvement with it.


Ryan

Less paratactic. Organized around metaphors
> Thanks to links, a few clicks on a computer can bring you to any information in the world. There are no limits to what you might find just by clicking around on links that users think may lead to something interesting. Links are what make everything possible on the internet.

Leads to further development in the next para - but that is paratactic rather than developing

> They are the lines of webbing that go from point to point. The web is spun by designers (spiders, I suppose) in a way that steers the readers to where they want to be, whether they’re aware of it or not. | The web is an incredible masterpiece that allows the reader to stray from the ever-hindering linear method of reading that would be forced on him or her without links. | There are many reasons for links, and they’re all purposeful and give users a better experience online. | Users are sometimes limited in their link choices; there is not a link between any two pages within a site. | The designers know best which links should be connected to which pages and therefore provide a selection of links to the site’s visitors.

This on balance

A Careful Balance
> Links have a helpful balance between making themselves known and being out of the way. When made to look the right way and placed correctly, they stick out enough to tell the reader they are important. However, they don’t attract the reader so much as to interrupt him or her from the reading of the page.

Can we get that sentence to balance?


Notes on Agents and Agency

How will you name those who you are talking about - and what relation are we positing between that agent and the link?

A project \> leaders and teams, a direction, posits an end
a journey \> explorers, those who enjoy the journey. less directed, less certain of an end.

you | we | us | me

Whitney
Use of royal we - Talking about US rather than the link. But these are sentences that could be more potent by naming the agents embedded in YOU -

who are the agents?
readers?
researcher?


Emily


Ryan



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