Here's the project for the next two weeks addressing your work with Lynch, Price, Burbules, and Bernstein on links and linking.

Compose an encomium or vituperation to links and linking. Draw on Lynch, Price, Nielsen, Parker, Bernstein, Halavais, Kolb your own work with links, as well as on your notes on these readings. You'll probably use first-person for this, but do not rely entirely on your own impressions. Include them, but do not rely solely on them.

Five minutes reading time or longer.

Use images, headings, sections, lists, and links if and when appropriate. (Can you write an encomium to links w/o links?)

Encomium and Invective (Vituperation)

Before you start your project, study the entries on praise and blame at Silva Rhetorica.
Encomium and vituperation are paired types of speeches:

Vituperation or invective is "a composition expository of attendant evils" and is a companion to the previous exercise, encomium. It also compares to the Commonplace exercise, but differs in speaking against not general vices or types of persons, but a specific individual. As the encomium, the vituperation includes as subjects chiefly persons, but also can take up things (such as abstract ideas), times (as the seasons), places, or animals.

Let me highlight a significant point:


An encomium is an exposition on Excellencies. A vituperation is exposition on Evils. They take moral positions. There is nothing wishy-washy about the exposition in these genres. There is no compromise - a thing is either Good or Evil, and carries with it a moral obligation. If good, we are obligated to accept and endorse it it. If evil, we are obligated to oppose it. In the encomium and vituperation, the prose itself makes that moral stance.

The kind of prose you'll be working with is epideictic. Traditionally, epideictic prose ceremonial, public, and addresses the current state of affairs rather than a future decision.

Encomium and vituperation do not reduce to positive and negative aspects. Do not think in those terms. The encomium expounds on "attendant excellencies" and why the subject should be praised. The vituperation expounds on "attendant evils" and assigns blame.

The essay does not weigh positives and negatives seeking balance or compromise. In the end, it's praise or blame - nothing in between. Work within that frame.

The prose doesn't need to be exclusionary or aggressive or hyperbolic. Both encomium and vituperations can be very moderate and compassionate in tone. But they take a firm moral stance.

The entries Silva Rhetorica present Directions for Composing an encomium or vituperation. The examples use a person but you can adapt the ideas to the situation you're writing in. Encomium and Vituperation

Writing Notes

You'll notice that writers on Medium make good use of using headings, that they develop ideas by dividing their text into sections, that they use images as section dividers and headings, as well as part of their argument. Below, I've linked to a few examples I found on Medium to give you a sense of what you can use to develop your encomium or vituperation.

Make me think means you need to maintain the complexity of the problem in your work. That's why I'm asking for 5+ minutes reading time. Success in this project depends on how well you muster arguments in praise or in blame of links and linking - how persuasive you are, how you anticipate and address objections and alternative arguments.

There are a lot of topics and angles to consider in links and linking. Price and Bernstein bring up and address many of them. They make good starting points, but take neither as gospel.


Some examples using images, heads, sections, lists to develop a essay.


Contemporary

Encomium
Invective



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