Each aspect deserves 5 - 7 sentences or points each. Perhaps more. As Longaker notes, understanding a
rhetorical message depends on understanding the presuppositions in which that specific message and the
interaction is embedded.

A description of the artifact

Describe the tweet, both the text and image. Consider the date,
time, place. Our focus is on the text and image of the tweet, but the replies will help you infer elements
of the situation. For the text, consider length, the nature of the sentence (it isn't one), the level of
formality ....

the implied rhetor

From the artifact, what can you infer about the implied rhetor? Not just
demographic info but values, beliefs, knowledge ...

the intended addressee

From the artifact, what can you infer about the intended addressee? Again,
not just basic info but values, beliefs, knowledge ...

the occasion

From the artifact, infer the specific occasion. This is part of kaios, along with the exigence. Something occasions the rhetor to
tweet and sp shapes the text.

the exigence

From the artifact, infer the exigence.

the kind of discourse

Deliberative, judicial, epideictic. There are two kinds of discourse involved:
one in words and text, and another in image.

the forum and genre

This is going to need some consideration. It's not enough to note that the forum
is Twitter. Consider the aspects of that forum that the rhetor uses to shape the artifact. Spend some time
considering the 140 character limit, for instance; the structure of following others; the use of an image
and a hashtag.

the physical material

Even texts on screens have physical presence. They are on various screens on
devices. On large screens, texts show up on windows they share with other texts and images. Digital messages
also have physical side in their creation: cameras, on-screen or physical keyboards. So creating tweets has a
physical dimension that influences the rhetorical construction and reception of the message. How is the
rhetor using these?

the presuppositions

Draw on what you have inferred from your consideration above and what can discover
readily by reviewing the twitter stream. The more you develop this, the more you will understand the text and
how it works rhetorically.

the issue or question

From the artifact, and what you have considered above, infer the issue or question.
It may not be a big one. It may not play a large part in the rhetorical exchange, but there will be an issue
or question present that the tweet responded to or managed.


The tweet is simple. It's simply an informal fragment stating that the implied rhetor is living amongst general
clutter and the books are what remain to be organized. Reinforcing or providing evidence of this is a photo of
a bunch of books that appear to need organizing. The ones shown on the left are simply stacked and look rather
sloppy, while the ones on the right have at least been stood upright. The picture appears to have been taken in a study
or den, and many of the books appear to be computer oriented educational aids. The date is early in September
of last year which may coincide with the time that a new school year begins.

I can infer without looking at a profile that the implied rhetor works with computers or at least
has an interest in them. It's also possible that the I. R. is possibly going to school to study or teach them.
The implied rhetor is intelligent, values education and has simply let organization get a little out of
control. I can infer that the implied rhetor values organization - why else make such a tweet? It's also
possible that there is an amount of embarrassment involved and that disorganization has been acknowledged and
is in the process of being rectified. The implied rhetor and rhetor are the same.

Intended Addressee: From the perspective of the implied rhetor, the intended addressee consists of like-minded
people. These people also are engaged with computers. The big thing here is the common interest.They may be
involved with research, teaching or learning. The rhetor and intended addressee also appear to consist of people that
are similarly educated. Additionally, they all appear to living in England. The I.A. is diverse,
consisting of different races and genders as evidenced by the tweets that follow the first.

The occasion in this instance is the implied rhetor completing the task of cleaning/organizing a study. The study
has shown progress, but the books still need some work. The manner in which the I.R. states that the books "do need
attention," implies that this task is something that is urgent. The I.R. doesn't say that the books "could use some
organizing, or some help," It is stated with conviction that the books need to be organized. The urgency of the task
may preempt the completion of other tasks or desires.

Exigence: The exigence of the first tweet has all but been ignored. Jane Davis hasn't commented on the status of
the implied rhetor's books. Although the I.R. has stated that the books are a mess, Jane Davis did not either affirm
or deny the statement, she sidestepped the issue by saying that she simply recognized several of the books. She
further distances herself from the exigence of the tweet by basically saying that she's up to her eyeballs in work..
However, the smiley face emoticon may convey sympathy or understanding.

Discourse: The fact that the books need organizing as stated in the text of the tweet is indicative of deliberative
discourse. This is true because the rhetor has stated that future policy (probably in the very near future) dictates
that the books need to be organized. Deliberative discourse also fits this description because in this instance
it occurs in an informal setting. The picture conforms to the requirements of epideictic discourse because it places
blame for the need to organize the books. The picture provides proof of blame that the books are indeed unorgan-
ized and reinforces the need to do so. (Personally, I'd just leave them)

It may not be enough to state that Twitter is the forum here but it must be. The formatting requirements of Twitter
are what will shape the artifact, as the rhetor is limited to the number of characters allowed in a particular tweet. Due
to the limitations of character content, the rhetor (and all audiences) must resort to brevity to get the most information
out. I'm not sure how the #eclectic fits into this scheme, but I presume it fits into the genre realm of this. Maybe
#eclectic expands the genre in which the tweet already resides and expands its viewing possibilities to a larger,
possibly unintended audience. Regarding the structure, it simply looks as if a statement like the one in the example
is simply tossed out for anyone that happens to follow the rhetor and a reply is offered on a first come, first served
basis. This could be different if a specific person was initially queried.

The physical material: The physical presence of this tweet consists of the disarranged books and the text that
accompanies them. The text is separate from the image of the books - it doesn't interfere or encroach on the
text in any way. The text also amplifies and explains the state of the physical evidence; the text is also physical
in the sense that they are a representation of the thoughts of the I.R. The passage of time is physical also. As
the 7th of Sep passes into 8 Sep, there is no further mention of cleaning or tidying up the books. The rhetor is
using the image in conjunction with the text to show (prove) to her followers that she's busy cleaning the house.

What I've inferred from this is that the rhetor is acedmically oriented (couldn't find that she was going to school),
works intensively with computers, has friends/followers on twitter that are also involved with computers (culture)
and that she was planning on having coffee with one of them and seeing another one give a lecture. Before she could
do that, she had to get the house in order, and she wanted to let the people she would be meeting up with later know
that her going depended on her getting her house clean first.

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