Revision history for NotesOnHistoricalLayersOfEnglish


Revision [23007]

Last edited on 2015-11-03 07:17:27 by MorganAdmin
Additions:
Fahnestock's explanation about plain language: perception.\
[Written passages] in which the core vocabulary dominates ... will strike most English users as simple and straightforward. This effect occurs because core words ... are also the oldest in the experience of native speakers: they are the first heard, the first spoken, the first read, the first written. They are associated with simple messages, and often with immediate, familial, and physical contexts. They have the [rhetorical] force of familiarity and truthfulness. Hence texts perceived as clear and even sincere will tend to feature words from the OE core of the language. (32-3)
Deletions:
Fahnestock's explanation about plain language: perception.
Written passages
in which the core vocabulary dominates ... will strike most English users as simple and straightforward. This effect occurs because core words ... are also the oldest in the experience of native speakers: they are the first heard, the first spoken, the first read, the first written. They are associated with simple messages, and often with immediate, familial, and physical contexts. They have the [rhetorical] force of familiarity and truthfulness. Hence texts perceived as clear and even sincere will tend to feature words from the OE core of the language. (32-3)


Revision [23006]

Edited on 2015-11-03 07:16:58 by MorganAdmin
Additions:
=== When core words dominate ===
Deletions:
=== When core words dominate ==


Revision [23005]

Edited on 2015-11-03 07:16:47 by MorganAdmin
Additions:
in which the core vocabulary dominates ... will strike most English users as simple and straightforward. This effect occurs because core words ... are also the oldest in the experience of native speakers: they are the first heard, the first spoken, the first read, the first written. They are associated with simple messages, and often with immediate, familial, and physical contexts. They have the [rhetorical] force of familiarity and truthfulness. Hence texts perceived as clear and even sincere will tend to feature words from the OE core of the language. (32-3)
Deletions:
in which the core vocabulary dominates ... will strike most English users as simple and straightforward. This effect occurs because core words ... are also the oldest in the experience of native speakers: they are the first heard, the first spoken, the first read, the first written. They are associated with simple messages, and often with immediate, familial, and physical contexts. They have the [rhetorical] force of familiarity and truthfulness. Hence texts perceived as clear and even sincere will tend to feature words from the OE core of the language. (32-3)


Revision [23002]

Edited on 2015-11-03 06:39:43 by MorganAdmin
Additions:
Adapted from Fahnestock, Rhetorical Style, pp 24ff
Deletions:
Adapted from Fahnestock, Rhetorical Style, pp 24ff|=|header1|=|header2||


Revision [23001]

Edited on 2015-11-03 06:39:20 by MorganAdmin
Additions:
|| hate || loathing || antipathy ||
|| food || viands || comestibles ||
|| anger || rage ||consternation ||
|| apart || asunder || divided ||
|| thin || gaunt ||| emaciated ||
Deletions:
|| hate | loathing | antipathy |
|| food | viands | comestibles |
|| anger | rage | consternation |
|| apart | asunder | divided |
|| thin | gaunt | emaciated |


Revision [23000]

Edited on 2015-11-03 06:37:56 by MorganAdmin
Additions:
Adapted from Fahnestock, Rhetorical Style, pp 24ff|=|header1|=|header2||
|| scare || frighten || terrify ||
|| kind || generous || magnanimous ||
Deletions:
Adapted from Fahnestock, Rhetorical Style, pp 24ff
|| scare | frighten | terrify |
|| kind | generous | magnanimous |


Revision [22999]

Edited on 2015-11-03 06:37:04 by MorganAdmin
Additions:
- freond, aefter, full, hand, clean, inn, land, lust, north, baec, tear, sleep, worth, biernan, lof, death. God, heaven, hell, fiend, doom.
- bread, milk, water, sun, moon, sky, house ...
- see, run, look, fall, stand, drop ...
- priest, alter, relic, shrine, alms, disciple ...
- they, dirt, hit, flat, egg, give, are, get, leg, raise, want, die, and words starting with sk- : scare, sky, skirt, scrap, skill, skin.
- Legal terms: felony, attorney, inquest, jury, plaintiff, sue, plea, verdict, warrant, bailiff, bail, crime, depose, fine, perjury.
- Military terms: soldier, lieutenant, army, enemy, garrison, guard, retreat, battle.
- Food: pork, beef, veal, mutton, venison, poultry | pig, cow, calf, sheep, deer and stag, chicken
- strength / vigor
- hearty / cordial
- house / mansion
- wish / desire
- phoney (Gaelic), fake (19th century) false (OFr (artificial (OFr), simulated (L)
Deletions:
Advice for plain English often rests on using terms that stem from Anglo-Saxon / OE cores rather than later, Old French layers of English or from Latin and Greek borrowings. Fahnestock gives a well-reasoned explanation. Words from the OE core of English are familiar to readers. Not that they are inherently simpler or clearer but that they are culturally familiar.
* freond, aefter, full, hand, clean, inn, land, lust, north, baec, tear, sleep, worth, biernan, lof, death. God, heaven, hell, fiend, doom.
* bread, milk, water, sun, moon, sky, house ...
* see, run, look, fall, stand, drop ...
* priest, alter, relic, shrine, alms, disciple ...
* they, dirt, hit, flat, egg, give, are, get, leg, raise, want, die, and words starting with sk- : scare, sky, skirt, scrap, skill, skin.
* Legal terms: felony, attorney, inquest, jury, plaintiff, sue, plea, verdict, warrant, bailiff, bail, crime, depose, fine, perjury.
* Military terms: soldier, lieutenant, army, enemy, garrison, guard, retreat, battle.
* Food: pork, beef, veal, mutton, venison, poultry | pig, cow, calf, sheep, deer and stag, chicken
* strength / vigor
* hearty / cordial
* house / mansion
* wish / desire
* phoney (Gaelic), fake (19th century) false (OFr (artificial (OFr), simulated (L)


Revision [22998]

The oldest known version of this page was created on 2015-11-03 06:35:54 by MorganAdmin
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